280.A79 Fokus Raumplanung: "Angerdörfer": Not all village greens are the same – local development within existing structures
This course is in all assigned curricula part of the STEOP.
This course is in at least 1 assigned curriculum part of the STEOP.

2023W, PR, 4.0h, 6.0EC, to be held in blocked form


  • Semester hours: 4.0
  • Credits: 6.0
  • Type: PR Project
  • Format: Presence

Learning outcomes

After successful completion of the course, students are able to...

  • analyse village and open space structures in terms of settlement morphology and typology,
  • analyse and understand the spatial situation and infrastructure (e.g. local creeks, accessibility, transit routes, transportation infrastructure, village expansion, etc.),
  • explore the multidisciplinary interplay of architecture, spatial planning and landscape architecture,
  • research and interpret current and historical planning documents and photos in order to record the history of village greens, etc.,
  • analytically observe degrees of publicity (public, semi-public, private), ownership and legal issues regarding accessibility and use, as well as rhythms and conflicts of use on village greens,
  • analyse open space and building structures (vegetation, housing forms, boundaries, water bodies, fountains/irrigation systems, public facilities, etc.) and evaluate them,
  • develop ideas for activating vacancies, for using village greens, for increasing the density of buildings in existing centers, for improving the usability of open spaces, etc., by involving the local population,
  • present the main findings in a consistent graphic and cartographic way and to communicate them to an interested audience,
  • draft theses and development scenarios, and to verify theses using oral history methods,
  • to organise a future dialogue with actors from the region, experts and students
  • to redefine "village renewal" for "Angerdörfer" and to understand the LEADER programme.

Subject of course

An "Anger" (German for "village green" is a usually grass-covered, collectively used piece of land or a village square that used to be at the disposal of all inhabitants of a municipality as common property (Allmende). "Angerdörfer" are among the most common types of settlements in  lowlands and hilly areas. The central village green come in different forms and shapes depending on the specific situation (e.g. triangular green, lenticular green, broad green and longitudinal green). A village green is usually enclosed by bordering roads ("Angerrandstraßen"). In many villages, a village creek runs through the middle of the  green, so the green was hardly suitable for buildings or agriculture due to the risk of flooding. In pre-industrial agriculture, the "Anger" served as a commonly used grazing area. Since the areas were and are owned by the municipality, they were later used as public parks or for the construction of public facilities (milk house, fire station, refrigeration house, fire pond, playground, etc.). However, there are also villages in which the "Anger" green was parceled out early. The resulting lots were assigned to the houses opposite and subsequently used as kitchen gardens (or later as ornamental gardens). In numerous places, the "Anger" was converted into building or agricultural land and developed, leaving little or nothing of the former green space. The courtyard structures around the village greens in Weinviertel and in the neighbouring southern Moravia often consist of hooked yards. These have very narrow inner yards as open spaces directly associated with the house. Associating houses with gardens on "Angers" or using the greens as a public open spaces can compensate for the narrowness of the inner courtyards in villages where the "Anger" has remained as a green space. 

The settlement forms of "Angerdörfer"  in the Lower Austrian-Czech border region, their long tradition and diverse development, are part of the cultural heritage of the region. The aim of the course is to record the "Angerdörfer" of the region, to examine the subtle differences between the villages and to present their significance in the past, present and future. Among other activities, it is planned to explore their role as public and private open spaces (also as a contribution to ecological self-sufficiency), as a cultural heritage and as intergenerational meeting spaces. 

The exercise starts with a transdisciplinary survey of architecture, spatial planning and landscape planning of the Anger villages in the region. As a starting point, we will use the settlement form map by Adalbert Klaar, the franciscan cadastre as well as other historical maps and village plans, current and historic aerial images, photos, planning concepts etc.

The aim is to compile a catalogue and draft a typology for the existing "Angerdörfer". The typology for a regional map will be developed together (e.g. by to village green forms, the degree of development, parcelling, land use, current usage, etc.).

The project is accompanied by professional inputs from the supervisors: Karin Standler (open space analysis, vegetation, usage, open space elements), Judith Leitner (structures: corridor, place, house. Introduction to settlement morphology, significance of the "Angers"), possibly lectures and inputs from other experts.

Research and teaching on and in the rural space - getting to know the border region and participating in the landuni.

Teaching methods

  • Stroll Science & Usage Observation (Lucius Burckhardt)
  • Phenomenology: seeing/reading the landscape – understanding/comparing the phenomena – interpretation/analytical observation – postitioning the phenomena for the future dialogue
  • Archive and literature research
  • Typologisation: drawings, sketches, sections to describe and compare the Anger villages
  • Method of Josias Braun-Blanquet (vegetation ecology) applied to "Angerdörfer" - tabulated list of similarities and differences of the villages
  • Photo documentation, systematic photo description and photo analysis
  • Plan development (existing situation, measures, priorities)
  • Dialogue formats with experts and stakeholders
  • Plan and photo analysis
  • Conversations with local actors, oral history based on theses

Mode of examination


Additional information

The project involves cross-border excursions. Knowledge of the Czech language is an advantage ;)

The participation of architecture students or the co-enrolment of BOKU students (landscape planning and landscape architecture) is particularly welcome.

The course addresses the faculty's semester topic "existing city" and is expanded in this context to include rural areas. We work on "village renewal" with examples of "Angerdörfer" and are interested in open space and development structures, redensification and vacancy, community areas and forms of housing, etc.

The course is held in cooperation with the landuni Drosendorf.



Course dates

Thu16:00 - 18:0005.10.2023Seminarraum Argentinierstrasse Kick-off and task description
00:00 - 00:0015.10.2023 - 19.10.2023 Border Region Lower Austria/Czechia, Drosendorf Castle (Lower Austria)Focus week
Thu16:00 - 18:0016.11.2023 - 30.11.2023Seminarraum EBEG-3 - RPL Betreuungstermine
Thu16:00 - 18:0014.12.2023Seminarraum AE U1 - 6 Supervision meetings
Mon18:00 - 21:0008.01.2024Seminarraum EBEG-2 - RPL Supervision meeting
Fokus Raumplanung: "Angerdörfer": Not all village greens are the same – local development within existing structures - Single appointments
Thu05.10.202316:00 - 18:00Seminarraum Argentinierstrasse Kick-off and task description
Sun15.10.202300:00 - 00:00 Border Region Lower Austria/Czechia, Drosendorf Castle (Lower Austria)Focus week
Mon16.10.202300:00 - 00:00 Border Region Lower Austria/Czechia, Drosendorf Castle (Lower Austria)Focus week
Tue17.10.202300:00 - 00:00 Border Region Lower Austria/Czechia, Drosendorf Castle (Lower Austria)Focus week
Wed18.10.202300:00 - 00:00 Border Region Lower Austria/Czechia, Drosendorf Castle (Lower Austria)Focus week
Thu19.10.202300:00 - 00:00 Border Region Lower Austria/Czechia, Drosendorf Castle (Lower Austria)Focus week
Thu16.11.202316:00 - 18:00Seminarraum EBEG-3 - RPL Betreuungstermine
Thu23.11.202316:00 - 18:00Seminarraum EBEG-3 - RPL Betreuungstermine
Thu30.11.202316:00 - 18:00Seminarraum EBEG-3 - RPL Betreuungstermine
Thu14.12.202316:00 - 18:00Seminarraum AE U1 - 6 Supervision meetings
Mon08.01.202418:00 - 21:00Seminarraum EBEG-2 - RPL Supervision meeting
Course is held blocked

Examination modalities

The students will develop a well-founded thematic and spatial analysis of individual "Angerdörfer". As a collaborative project, a map of the region is created in which all villages (differentiated according to their typology) are marked. The typology is developed jointly (e.g. according to village forms, degree of development, current use, etc.).

Participation in the future dialogue.


TitleApplication beginApplication end
Entwerfen Master / Künstlerische Projekte (5 ECTS)18.09.2023 09:0025.09.2023 23:59


Study CodeObligationSemesterPrecon.Info
066 440 Spatial Planning Not specified
066 440 Spatial Planning Not specified


Alfons Dworsky und Judith Leitner, Strukturen: Flur. Ort. Haus. Wien 2020
(Participants can get a booklet each at the student price from the LandLuft association)

Professional literature from settlement research, settlement morphology and landscape analysis

Previous knowledge

Graphic skills, preparation of sketches, experience with different scientific methods.