253.H25 Entwerfen Buildings of Buildings – Gastprofessur Angelo Lunati
Diese Lehrveranstaltung ist in allen zugeordneten Curricula Teil der STEOP.
Diese Lehrveranstaltung ist in mindestens einem zugeordneten Curriculum Teil der STEOP.

2021W, UE, 8.0h, 10.0EC

Merkmale

  • Semesterwochenstunden: 8.0
  • ECTS: 10.0
  • Typ: UE Übung
  • Format der Abhaltung: Hybrid

Lernergebnisse

Nach positiver Absolvierung der Lehrveranstaltung sind Studierende in der Lage, komplexe Entwurfsaufgaben aus dem Fachgebiet der Architektur und des Städtebaus eigenständig, systematisch und mit einem originären, zeitgemäßen Entwurfsansatz auf der Grundlage einer präzisen architektonischen Sprache zu bearbeiten. Sie haben die Kompetenz, Handlungsfelder im urbanen Kontext zu erkennen und entsprechende städtebauliche Lösungsansätze zu entwickeln. Die Studierenden können eigenverantwortliche Recherchen und themenbezogene Grundlagen erheben. Sie sind in der Lage, Entwurfskonzepte zu erstellen und diese in Form von Entwurfs- und Detailplänen umfassend darzustellen und zu präsentieren.

Inhalt der Lehrveranstaltung

Building of Buildings
The character of European cities has little to do with its monuments, but is determined above all by the repetition of buildings along the street or within the block, by the fine grain of singular facts and by their subtle variations.
The city, especially the nineteenth-century metropolis, is an opus at different scales, as Hermann Czech writes: that of the block, that of the house and that of inner individual use. Mostly, architectural operations encompass the two last dimensions.
But there are some special buildings that have instead the ability to hold together the two first scales: the urban dimension related to repetition, and that of the individual piece, forged by contingencies and adapted to specific circumstances.
Such buildings can be the result of a construction of different elements over time, or can be the result of a synthetic design operation. But in both cases, each of them can be described as a building of buildings.
A building of buildings is the quintessence of urbanity as it stands at the intersection between the dimension of the single house and that of the collective construction; especially, because it has the capacity, due to its special articulation and good manners, to be formed by two or multiple elements, but at the same time to have a single figure, a unitary presence.
Its complexity is the opposite of the iconic solitary object, indifferent to these diverse urban dimensions, being abstract compared to the morphological and expressive richness claimed by this special type of building.
A building of buildings reacts consistently to the different times of the city, combining formal specificity, together with functional genericity, providing a durable urban response and, at the same time, the utmost adaptability of uses.
We could try to recognize different types of such special buildings, in relation to how their inner parts subtly or radically differ: some of them are formed by a blurring tension between two pieces, producing a kind of symmetrical overall figure, such as the Monadnoch in Chicago; some others programmatically ecompass different roles and expressions, such as the Casa-Torre Rasini in Milan or Otto Wagner’s pieces in Linken Wienzeile; other cases they produce a multiple tonal sequence, such as Asnago Vender’s block in via Albricci in Milan, or, differently, they provide diverse articulations resembling the historical variety, such as Aldo Rossi’s Berlin block in Schutzentsraße.
In this taxonomy, we will analyze some Viennese pieces and others more distant cases. In particular, we will analyze some special buildings in Milan, a paradigmatic anti-monumental city in which modern and ancient architectures are able to coexist in a natural way within a great “environmental” unity.
These buildings are beautiful for many reasons, in the assemblage and subtle variation of their façades, in the relationship between the repetition of the single element and the typological variation, in the richness of uses and in the generousity of their interior spaces. Through their intrinsic variety, they already provide a sequence or an articulation, offering a continuous background to the vibrant life of the city but at the same time stating their singular expression and elegance.

Favoritenstraße
Favoritenstraße dissects a quite long portion of the southern urban territory of Vienna, starting from the very heart of the historic city, quite close to Karlsplatz, till the Volkspark Laaer Berg. As often happens with relevant radial streets, it meaningfully describes different times of the city's urban and social development, diverse densities and tones, successive transformations, within a linear continuity. At the beginning of the street, on the city center side, buildings and blocks were built densely since the early 17th century, after which the street continued as a dirt road to the Favoriten-Thor.  The name Favoriten Linien Strasse appears on Vasquez’s Vienna map from 1830. In the 19th century, the character of the street changed due to numerous buildings dating from the era of the emperor Franz-Josef. Opposite the former Favorita Imperial summer residence, which now houses the Theresian Academy, an elegant residential area was built around the turn of the century. A little further away, after the crossing of the train line, on the western edge of the road at the intersection with Gudrunstraße, there is the Keplerkirche. One block further south, a market square was built after 1870, named Viktor-Adler-Platz, where a lively market is still present. The Reumannplatz interrupts the street at the southern end of the pedestrian zone, introduced in the 70s, making this section the lively center of the district. The Amalienbad, an amazing municipal indoor swimming pool, was opened there in 1926. The Per-Albin-Hansson settlement was built on the southern slope of the Laaer Berg in 1947–1977 on areas previously used for agriculture. It comprises more than 6000 municipal social housing. Vienna Central Station, recently completed, is located directly at the intersection of Favoritenstraße and the Gürtel at Südtiroler Platz. Around the station, large developments of office buildings and apartment blocks are now being built, providing a contemporary layer to the analyzed urban system. A new and dense city pushed forward by real estate developers is often made of new iconic presences, big “design” objects, focusing on their image rather than resonating with the urban richness all around.
Areas of interventions will be scattered along this complex linear system, from the railway yards of Hauptbahnhof to the large housing settlements to the south. Following Favoritenstraße, we will analyze the monumental character of the city, along with the qualities of continuity and background of its streets and blocks. We will experience how architecture, even within a speculative process of transformation, can take its qualities and characters from a specific urban condition and how, at the same time, it can give something back to enhance that condition.

Methoden

Teaching will be alternating 2-days intensive workshops scheduled every three weeks together with weekly online lessons and group revisions.
Learning moments will encompass specific lectures on the workshop theme and on the project site, group discussions on the common objectives and individual revisions focused on the improvement of each project.

Prüfungsmodus

Prüfungsimmanent

Weitere Informationen

Additional information about the program is available under documents.

Introduction video https://tube1.it.tuwien.ac.at/w/iRsEKfdDXxftN4FZYrWS6S

From 21st to 23rd of October a volontary excursion to Milan is planned, please keep the date free.

October 8th, Introduction & Kick Off: 9.45 Raumlabor (Karlsplatz 13, Hof 1, EG)
October 11th, Site Visit
October 21th - 23th, Milan Excursion
October 28th, Reviews
October 29th, Christian Kühn Lecture
November 5th, Online Reviews
November 18-19th Reviews
November 26th, Online Reviews
December 3rd, Midterm Architectural Project Presentation
December 9, 10th Reviews
December 14th, Online Reviews
January 13, 14th Reviews
January 21st, Online Reviews
January 28th, Online Reviews
February 3, 4th Pre Jury
February 8, 9th Final Jury, General Presentation of all collected Materials

Introduction video https://tube1.it.tuwien.ac.at/w/iRsEKfdDXxftN4FZYrWS6S

Workshop Agenda
1.A – Catalogue
(October 8th -October 21th)
A set of different selected cases that meaningfully convey different interpretations of the idea related to building of buildings will be assigned. The cases analyzed will be divided into four categories that attempt to construct a taxonomy of these special buildings: conspirators, pairs, continuity, assemblage. Each student will analyze her or his own case study focusing on the specific circumstances in which the building took shape, the way in which it is articulated in distinct pieces within a general unity, its ability to engage  with a context. This atlas will constitute a common thesaurus of selected solutions shared by the workshop.
Assignment 1: Catalogue (singular assignment)

1.B. – Describing Favoritenstraße
(October 22th-November 4th)
A set of different interpretative layers will be selected to describe Favoritenstraße. The aim is to generate maps of a different nature through which to describe the multiple characters of this place throughout ist development, from Hauptbahnhof to Verteilerkreis Favoriten, combining historical analyses with more extemporaneous readings based on the search for circumstantial elements, or simply sensing the atmospheres of places. The aim is to feel at ease with the site, recognizing the richness of reality, the sequences of the façades, the tones of public spaces, the block densities, the unexpected transformations and contemporary uses. The projects, in different ways, will resonate with these interpretations.
Assignment 2: Mapping (group assignment)

2. Figure and urbanity
(November 5th-December 3rd)
Each group of two students is assigned an area of intervention along Favoritenstraße: an urban void, a replacement, in strategic locations, in abandoned or underused corners. The aim of the phase is based on the central formal question of the workshop: to define an overall figure, a strategy of articulation of the volume in different portions, associating a program that virtuously holds together generic functions of the city - housing and work spaces - with more public and specific uses. The exercise will attempt to define a complex architecture capable of combining the central formal theme, that of the building of buildings, together with the specific circumstances of each site.
Assignment 3: Volume definition (group assignment)

MID-TERM CRITICS (DECEMBER 3rd)

3. Character, Construction and details
(December 4th-February 8th)
The final phase will consist of the architectural definition of the building, its internal variations, the materiality of its façades, the ability to resonate with the site through its construction. Drawings, details and large maquettes will be produced by each group.
Assignment 4: Specification (group assignment)

FINAL CRITICS (FEBRUARY 8-9th)

Vortragende Personen

Institut

LVA Termine

TagZeitDatumOrtBeschreibung
Fr.09:00 - 19:0008.10.2021Raumlabor Buildings of Buildings - Intro
09:00 - 19:0028.10.2021 - 29.10.2021Konferenzraum der Fakultät Architektur und Raumplanung Buildings of Buildings - Workshop
09:00 - 19:0018.11.2021 - 19.11.2021Projektraum 14 - Achtung! Werkraum, kein Seminarraum! Buildings of Buildings - Workshop
08:00 - 19:0002.12.2021 - 03.12.2021Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 2 Buildings of Buildings - Presentation
08:00 - 19:0002.12.2021 - 03.12.2021Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 1 Buildings of Buildings - Presentation
08:00 - 19:0002.12.2021 - 03.12.2021Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 3 Buildings of Buildings - Presentation
09:00 - 19:0009.12.2021 - 10.12.2021Projektraum 14 - Achtung! Werkraum, kein Seminarraum! Buildings of Buildings - Workshop
09:00 - 19:0013.01.2022 - 14.01.2022Projektraum 14 - Achtung! Werkraum, kein Seminarraum! Buildings of Buildings - Workshop
09:00 - 19:0001.02.2022 - 02.02.2022Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 1 Buildings of Buildings - (Reserve)
09:00 - 19:0001.02.2022 - 02.02.2022Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 2 Buildings of Buildings - (Reserve)
09:00 - 19:0001.02.2022 - 02.02.2022Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 3 Buildings of Buildings - (Reserve)
09:00 - 19:0003.02.2022 - 04.02.2022Projektraum 14 - Achtung! Werkraum, kein Seminarraum! Buildings of Buildings - Workshop
09:00 - 19:0008.02.2022 - 09.02.2022Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 2 Buildings of Buildings - Presentation
09:00 - 19:0008.02.2022 - 09.02.2022Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 3 Buildings of Buildings - Presentation
09:00 - 19:0008.02.2022 - 09.02.2022Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 1 Buildings of Buildings - Presentation
Entwerfen Buildings of Buildings – Gastprofessur Angelo Lunati - Einzeltermine
TagDatumZeitOrtBeschreibung
Fr.08.10.202109:00 - 19:00Raumlabor Buildings of Buildings - Intro
Do.28.10.202109:00 - 19:00Konferenzraum der Fakultät Architektur und Raumplanung Buildings of Buildings - Workshop
Fr.29.10.202109:00 - 19:00Konferenzraum der Fakultät Architektur und Raumplanung Buildings of Buildings - Workshop
Do.18.11.202109:00 - 19:00Projektraum 14 - Achtung! Werkraum, kein Seminarraum! Buildings of Buildings - Workshop
Fr.19.11.202109:00 - 19:00Projektraum 14 - Achtung! Werkraum, kein Seminarraum! Buildings of Buildings - Workshop
Do.02.12.202108:00 - 19:00Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 1 Buildings of Buildings - Presentation
Do.02.12.202108:00 - 19:00Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 2 Buildings of Buildings - Presentation
Do.02.12.202108:00 - 19:00Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 3 Buildings of Buildings - Presentation
Fr.03.12.202108:00 - 19:00Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 1 Buildings of Buildings - Presentation
Fr.03.12.202108:00 - 19:00Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 2 Buildings of Buildings - Presentation
Fr.03.12.202108:00 - 19:00Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 3 Buildings of Buildings - Presentation
Do.09.12.202109:00 - 19:00Projektraum 14 - Achtung! Werkraum, kein Seminarraum! Buildings of Buildings - Workshop
Fr.10.12.202109:00 - 19:00Projektraum 14 - Achtung! Werkraum, kein Seminarraum! Buildings of Buildings - Workshop
Do.13.01.202209:00 - 19:00Projektraum 14 - Achtung! Werkraum, kein Seminarraum! Buildings of Buildings - Workshop
Fr.14.01.202209:00 - 19:00Projektraum 14 - Achtung! Werkraum, kein Seminarraum! Buildings of Buildings - Workshop
Di.01.02.202209:00 - 19:00Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 2 Buildings of Buildings - (Reserve)
Di.01.02.202209:00 - 19:00Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 1 Buildings of Buildings - (Reserve)
Di.01.02.202209:00 - 19:00Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 3 Buildings of Buildings - (Reserve)
Mi.02.02.202209:00 - 19:00Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 2 Buildings of Buildings - (Reserve)
Mi.02.02.202209:00 - 19:00Ersatzraum Prechtlsaal 1 Buildings of Buildings - (Reserve)

Leistungsnachweis

Prüfungsimmanent

The examination will consist of a final presentation of the work during the final critics scheduled day. The evaluation of each students‘ work will take in consideration different elements:

  • the quality and consistency of the design work presented by the student in relation to the specific theme of the workshop,
  • the quality of the intermediate and final presentation in terms of conceptual clarity, graphics and architectural models.
  • the attendance and participation of the student to the individual and collective reviews and discussions.
  • the capacity of the student to interact with the teachers and their progress in relationship to their previous design experiences.

Bewerbung

TitelBewerbungsbeginnBewerbungsende
Entwerfen Master (10 ECTS / 15 ECTS)13.09.2021 09:0027.09.2021 23:59

Curricula

StudienkennzahlSemesterAnm.Bed.Info
066 443 Architektur

Literatur

Es wird kein Skriptum zur Lehrveranstaltung angeboten.

Sprache

Englisch