135.045 Introduction to quantum electrodynamics
This course is in all assigned curricula part of the STEOP.
This course is in at least 1 assigned curriculum part of the STEOP.

2021S, VO, 2.0h, 3.0EC
Lecture TubeTUWEL


  • Semester hours: 2.0
  • Credits: 3.0
  • Type: VO Lecture
  • LectureTube course
  • Format: Distance Learning

Learning outcomes

After successful completion of the course, students are able to...

  • derive the Klein-Gordon equation and the Dirac equation from the Schrödinger equation,
  • solve expressions with Dirac matrices,
  • apply general Lorentz transformations to spinors,
  • provide solutions to the Dirac equation,
  • explain the Klein paradox,
  • explain the interaction with the electromagnetic field,
  • summarize the derivation of the Pauli equation,
  • describe the Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation,
  • sketch the derivation of the energy levels of the hydrogen atom,
  • list the fine structure as well as other corrections,
  • describe the quantization of free fields (scalar field, Dirac field, electromagnetic field),
  • explain the Gupta Bleuler formalism,
  • describe the Casimir effect,
  • summarize fundamental aspects of perturbation theory (interaction picture, S-matrix, LSZ reduction formula, Wick theorem),
  • explain and draw Feynman diagrams,
  • list the Feynman rules and apply them to diagrams,
  • estimate the divergences of radiative corrections (self-energy of the electron, vacuum polarization),
  • enumerate possibilities of regularization,
  • summarize the dimensional regularization,
  • present renormalization schemes,
  • describe the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron,
  • describe the Lamb shift,
  • sketch the infrared problem and the Bloch-Nordsieck mechanism.

Subject of course

Dirac equation; interaction with electromagnetic fields; Lorentz transformations; H-atom, fine structure; quantization of free fields; Gupta-Bleuler quantization; perturbation theory; Feynman rules; radiative corrections; dimensional regularization; renormalization; anomalous magnetic moment of the electron; Lamb shift; infrared problems and Bloch-Nordsieck mechanism; renormalization group

Teaching methods

Blackboard presentation based on the lecture notes by Prof. Rebhan.

Voluntary exercises should help to apply the content of the lectures.

Online mode: The course content is made available in recorded lectures. Questions about the material are possible in the TUWEL forum as well as in zoom question times.

Mode of examination

Written and oral

Additional information

The lecture is held in English.

The first lecture starts at 10.00.

Online mode: the first lecture take place via zoom.



Examination modalities

Written exam at the end of the term or oral exam by appointment.

Online mode: written and oral exams take place via zoom.

Course registration

Begin End Deregistration end
29.01.2021 12:00 28.03.2021 12:00 27.06.2021 12:00

Registration modalities

Registration takes place in TISS. (Registration is without commitment, and does not result in an automatic issuing of a certificate.)



Lecture notes for this course are available:

  • A. Rebhan: Introduction to Quantum Electrodynamics: PDF
    (Available in spiral binding at the secretary's office of the institute for 5 €)

Further literature:

  • Bjorken/Drell: Relativistic quantum mechanics
  • Itzykson/Zuber: Quantum Field Theory

Previous knowledge

Bachelor courses in electrodynamics and quantum theory.