Lectures and accompanying exercises in the exercise sessions. In the lecture central concepts will be presented, which will be then practiced and deepened in the exercise sessions on the basis of case studies. Exercises will involve solving problems and the use of R for computation, simulation and visualization.

Result of the final written exam. The exam is a multiple-choice questions exam. For each task, there are four possible answers, and only one is correct. The one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question should be chosen by ticking. Ticking more than one answer leads to the question being marked as incorrect. You have to use a pen with either blue or black ink. The processing time is 90 minutes. You may use a non-programmable calculator and a hand- written sheet with the formulas you may need (written on one two-sided A4 format paper). Please note that a copy of a handwritten sheet is not a handwritten sheet and cannot be used in the exam. The sheet with formulas should be submitted with the exam. Computers, smartphones, tablets, notes, books, etc., as well as discussions and consultations, are not allowed during the exam. It is mandatory to bring a personal document/ID with picture.